Using 401k For Down Payment On House

Using 401k For Down Payment – Is It Right For You?

After adding money to your 401k plan over several years, you may have built up a lot of money inside your 401k accounts. These accounts could be a desirable supply of funds for investing in a home. Nevertheless, there tend to be rules as well as restrictions upon withdrawals from the 401k accounts. Fortunately, there may be a way for you to make use of the money within your 401k plan. One great way is using 401k for down payment.

Some 401k programs allow participants to consider a loan from the funds inside the 401k. Usually, the 401k plan will limit the quantity of the loan to some certain percentage from the total balance. This implies that you cannot borrow all the money inside your plan, are just some of it. Nevertheless, this quantity may be significant enough to become useful for the long-term objectives.

Borrowing From 401k Plan

Using 401k For Down Payment Fidelity

Here’s a screenshot showing what loans you have available through your 401k plan if you’re using Fidelity.

When a person borrow money from the 401k plan, you borrow the cash from yourself. In additional words, the money is withdrawn out of your account as well as distributed for you.  That means there isn’t a credit check as well as your credit score doesn’t impact in your loan rate of interest.  This is because, there isn’t any risk in order to any lender.  You are repaying yourself. Actually, the curiosity you pay about the loan goes straight into your personal 401k accounts.  It does not go into any financial institution or loan provider.

Be Aware Of The Rules When Using 401k For Down Payment

However, it doesn’t mean you are able to control how so when you pay back the mortgage. The INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE has requirements that must definitely be met concerning 401k financial loans. As this kind of, the plan may have a set rate of interest that you need to pay whenever you repay the actual loan. Additionally, you should make well-timed, regular obligations, just like every other loan. Usually, most 401k programs require that you simply make regular monthly obligations to be able to fulfill this particular requirement. Check out our 401k calculator to see the impact loans can have on future earnings.

When using 401k for down payment you need to be aware of possible negative situations that may arise.  It is necessary that a person make your own 401k program loan obligations. While you will find no lenders involved, and therefore there isn’t any damage for your credit score or credit history, there could be substantial taxes repercussions with regard to failing to settle the mortgage as decided. Any mortgage principal that isn’t repaid is recognized as a distribution through the IRS. Which means that the entire amount associated with any delinquent loan stability is taxable because ordinary earnings. Even worse, if you’re under grow older 59 1/2, then your distribution is going to be considered an earlier distribution and could be susceptible to a 10 % tax fee.

“Using 401k For Down Payment Does Have Its Advantages!”

I would advice against using 401k for down payment, if you already have the cash sitting around.  Otherwise, the advantages of using 401k for down payment to purchase a house are extremely advantageous to many people. Nevertheless, it is essential to realize that though it is financing to yourself, it continues to be an actual loan, also it must end up being repaid. If you’re able to do do that, then borrowing using 401k for down payment can be a smart method to finance your house purchase.

 

 

Retirement Income – Your 7 Sources

Retirement Income

Retirement income – What are the main 7 sources for retirement income? I’ll explain the differences between the different sources of retirement income so you can better plan for your future.

1. Welfare or Charity

While most people would never like to picture themselves having to be put on welfare. There is a reality of poor planning that could result in the dependency of money from charity. Frequently, I see churches and family members asking to raise funds immediately after an unexpected death of a loved one. One of the easiest things to do to prevent the need to rely on others is to have enough life insurance for both you and your spouse.

Retirement Income – Your 7 Sources Continued Employment

2. Continued Employment

So you’re now 62 or 65 or even 67… what’s next? You may realize that you do not have enough income to cover your bills which could include the mortgage, the car payment, and other necessary bills. So one option would be to continue to work. I guess if you enjoyed your full time job, then this would not be an issue. Unfortunately, a majority of the population at the age of 65 are tired of working for their past 40 yrs. Don’t forget that health issues could really be the number one determining factor on whether you can continue to work.

3. Non Qualified Assets or Mutual Funds

Non qualified assets are things that have already been taxed. This could include your savings account, monies in your CD’s, your stocks and mutual funds purchases made from after taxed dollars. How long you can live off of your non qualified assets depends on the size of your account and your monthly living expenses.

4. Roth IRA

Roth IRA‘s can be great source of income in addition to your other qualified accounts. The best thing about Roth IRA’s is the fact that you can take future income distributions without having to pay any taxes. Depending on how well the account is managed and grows, this could provide much more retirement income especially when you do not have to pay taxes.

5. Traditional IRA

Traditional IRA are just another form of qualified accounts. Chances are if you had an old 401k and did a rollover, it would have been rolled into a traditional IRA. I would say a majority of retirement accounts are qualified accounts in the form of a 401k or traditional IRA.

Retirement Income – Your 7 Sources 401k

6. Qualified Plans

Anything that allows you to contribute on a pretax basis could be considered a qualified plan when it comes to retirement. A 401k is the most common through payroll deduction. Others could include a 403B or tax sheltered annuities. Pensions and annuities are great forms of retirement income because of the predictive nature of the investment. It only makes sense to have a stable and predictable form of income each month once your do plan to retire.

7. Social Security

For current seniors, this is the most anticipated form of retirement income. In 1960, for every retired senior taking social security benefits, there were more than 50 workers paying in. They predict that 20 years from today, there will only be 3 workers paying into social security for every retiree.

Retirement Income Conclusion

More sources of retirement income is always better than just one. Can we solely depend on social security for your retirement? I don’t think so. It’s impossible to expect your social security benefits to pay you more than what you were earning during your working years. With a sensible investment strategy and having your mortgage paid off can really help increase your income at retirement.

Get More Information On 401k Contribution Limits 2017

Is A 401k Rollover Worth It? Pros & Cons

So you’ve recently left your job and wondering what to do with the money you’ve been saving while you were working for your company. Well, now that you have left, the rules for your retirement plan have changed substantially. Here are the pros and the cons of keeping money in your 401k plan as opposed to doing a 401k rollover into an IRA:

The Pros About a 401k Rollover

– Usually as long as you have over $5,000 in your plan you will not be forced out and can keep you assets in your former employers plan.

– You can make fund transfers at any time for little to no cost between the investment options.

The Cons About a 401k Rollover

– You cannot make a 401k contribution to this plan anymore and cannot take any loans from the plan.

– You are stuck with the investments the plan offers.

– The plan can change it’s rules, investment options, and even the investment company they work with, which means it’s ever changing and you are the mercy of your former company’s decisions.

– You can take partial withdrawals, however the IRS mandates at least 20% federal tax withholding on any 401k withdrawals.

– Some plans start charging fees once you leave the plan.

– The 401k plan is fully self directed meaning that you get no advice on where to move your money and nobody is legally able to give you specific 401k investment advice.

– The 401k is not FDIC insured. If you do not know enough about how this effects your retirement assets do some research on FDIC vs. SIPC coverage and how it effects investments. I will also make a post later regarding this.

You may still have further questions about a 401k rollover before you make a decision. Our article “401k After Changing or Losing Jobs – What Now?” , goes into detail about the fees and penalties associated with 401k withdrawals.

401k Withdrawals

401k Withdrawals After Changing Jobs – What Now?

Throughout life we all experience changes. I heard a quote once from a wise man who said “When things are really bad things will change and when things are really good things will change as well.” Change is our lives and we must accept that. Now, what does this have to do with your 401k?

Well, when you hear those words “You’re fired!”, maybe you just get laid off as a large business reduction, or just changing jobs, one of the first things you are going to think about is how are you going to live? Here is where your 401k comes into consideration. Your 401k plan is most likely the largest asset other than your house you currently have and is a lot more liquid than your house, meaning you can get money out of it much easier. *Updates have been made to 401k contribution limits 2017*

However, 401k plans have a lot of rules and taxes come into play once you make the decision that you need to tap into your retirement savings. Before you start making 401k withdrawals ask yourself these questions:

4 Questions to Consider Before 401k Withdrawals

1.) What places can I get money now to supplement my income?
– Well if you were laid off or fired there is a good chance you can get unemployment income to offset what your job couldn’t produce and this will help keep your hands off of your 401k. Also, think about home equity lines of credit or credit cards as well. These are always only short term fixes and should be able to hold you over for a few months. You should always have emergency assets like these planned in case you do lose your job.

2.) Can I cut back on any expenses?
– Would you really keep living the same lifestyle if you were just fired? I highly doubt it. However, you would be surprised how much people don’t really cut back because they see the large 401k balance looming in front of them. Make sure you cut EVERY corner before tapping into your 401k.

3.) What is my income level (tax bracket) going to be for this year?
– Why is this important? Well, if you cannot cut back on expenses and you are maxed out on lines of credit, a 401k distribution may be the one thing preventing you from bankruptcy (in some cases bankruptcy isn’t all that bad, we’ll get to that later). Basically, if you make less money you pay less to Uncle Sam. If you get fired in October, well your income bracket will still be high and it would probably be advisable to wait until January 1 to make your 401k withdrawals. However, if you get fired earlier in the year, you may not get hit too hard by taxes. If you were going to make your 401k withdrawals, that would be the time to do it.

Penalties Explained From 401k Withdrawals

If you take a 401k distribution you will be taxed at your income bracket and there will probably be a 10% early withdrawal penalty. You must keep in consideration that any money you take will be income. For example:

If you made $34,000 for 2011, that puts you into a 15% tax bracket considering you file single. Now with the standard deduction that puts your income at around $29,000 or so. Now, the 25% bracket is for people making $34500 and above. So lets say you make a $10,000 withdrawal from your 401k plan:

First of all, your plan will withhold 20% of the withdrawal for taxes (this is an IRS requirement and cannot be avoided unless you do a Rollover 401k to IRA), which brings your check amount to $8,000 considering there is no mandatory state tax. Now, here is what you actually pay:

There would be $5,500 taxed at 15% – $ 825
Now, since extra $4,500 put you above the 15% bracket, that is taxed at 25% – $ 1125
And there will be that 10% penalty on the full withdrawal amount of $10,000 – $ 1000

So, in this scenario, to get $10,000 you are having to give the IRS $2,950 of your hard earned money. This isn’t even looking at state taxes, this is only federal. That is 29.5% of your hard earned money that is gone, never to be seen again.

401k Rollover to IRA

4.) What are my 401k plan rules?

– Does your 401k plan actually allow you to take partial withdrawals or do you have to take out the full balance? All plans have different rules and a lot of plans don’t even allow partial withdrawals. They surely won’t offer a loan because you aren’t working for the company anymore. So, what is your next best alternative? Initiate a 401k rollover to an IRA and use the rollover IRA to take partial withdrawals from.

Most investment firms offer free IRAs or you can go to your local bank and put your money in a money market IRA. Also, rollover IRA accounts do not restrict you on the amount of partial withdrawals you can make and there is no mandatory 20% federal tax withholding on 401k withdrawals, so it may be a better option depending on your circumstances. Also, you can usually do a 401k rollover and then rollover the money from the IRA account into your new companies 401k when you find that job.

Use our 401k Calculator to see negative effects of taking money from your 401k plan have on your long term future.

Rollover 401k to IRA?

What do I need to figure out before I decide on initiating a rollover 401k to IRA?

There are many factors involved before deciding on rolling over your 401k into an IRA.

4 Things To Know Before You Rollover 401k to IRA

1. What are the fees involved in keeping the 401k plan or rolling it over to an IRA? You need to make sure you are not going to be paying an exorbitant amount of fees with your new retirement accounts.

2. What matters more to me? The ability to have many more investment options and the ability to use a financial advisor to guide me on how to invest and how much to save, or would I rather be more limited to my investments in the 401k plan and pay less fees but have to manage everything myself?

3. Do I need to consolidate my assets together and be able to have a retirement account to make IRA contributions to? Remember, many times a 401k rollover to an IRA is not a reversible thing and if you do not know all of the facts you could be hurting yourself.

“4.Would it be better to roll my old 401k plan into my new employers 401k account?”

This is beneficial if you think you may want to use the 401k money you have to buy a house or maybe just use it to pay down some of your debt. Many 401k plans offer 401k loans and right now the interest rate is very low, and keep in mind the interest if only paid to yourself. If you cannot pay back the loan you will pay taxes on the money and probably a penalty, however if you do pay it back you have only paid interest to yourself and will not have any tax consequences. On the other hand, if you initiate a 401k rollover into an IRA, you cannot take a loan from an IRA account and will have to make a withdrawal.

The ability to take loans is a great beneficial factor in consolidating your 401k assets into your current plan, however if you do not need the money, more than likely the IRA, with the ability to provide more investment options, will be your best long term retirement strategy. Related Tools: 401k calculator

401k Contribution Limits 2017 – Why Contribute?

The 401k contribution limits 2017 remain the same as 2016(401k contributions limits 2017 are listed below). A 401k plan is a retirement plan set up by your employer for your benefit. The employer is benefited by special tax treatment from the IRS and is able to give matching contributions to employees because of the federal governments incentives. Also, employers want you to contribute to your 401k to be happy and stay at their company for many years. Many employers use 401k plans and lecture about 401k contributions to increase employee moral. Also, 401k matching contributions are free money.

The IRS has certain limits on the amount of money that you can put into your 401k. For most people this is not an issue, however some people who make too much money or people who are considered “highly compensated employees” or HCE are not able to contribute as much as the average person working for the company. The reason the IRS sets limits on how much you can contribute is that the money you put into the plan goes in on a pre-tax basis, meaning the government gets no money from the money you put into the 401k plan, they cannot tax it until you take it out.


Here Are The 401k Contribution Limits 2017:

$18,000 for age 49 & under

$24,000 for age 50 & above ($6,000)

note: 401k contribution limits 2017 were updated on September, 5th 2017


 

401k Contribution Limits 2017 Company 401k Match

This is just considering the money that YOU put into the plan, it is not considering the 401k matching contribution that your employer puts in on your behalf. Each plan is separate, but an example of how an employer matches is as follows: “Your Company 401k Match is 6% dollar for dollar up to $3,000 per year”

So, this means that if you make $40,000 and contribute 6% to your 401k plan (not to exceed 401k contribution limits 2017) you are putting in $92 per pay period considering you get paid bi-weekly or 26 times per year. Also, since your employer matches 6% of your contributions, you get $184 contributed to your 401k plan each pay period.

So, in this example it is like you putting in 12% of your pay.

However, if you put in 10% of your pay, that comes out to $153 per pay period, the company will only put in $92 because that is 6% of your pay and they will not match the extra 4% you went over. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing, it just means you have maxed out the free money the company is providing you. Try it yourself with our 401k calculator! Remember not to exceed 401k contribution limits 2017 while using the 401k calculator.

Company 401k match of contributions are the biggest reason why people want to contribute to their 401k plan. The pre-tax benefit of the contribution is also very helpful, but nothing beats free money. Like everything in life though, the matching contributions comes with a caveat. This is what we call vesting.

Different Ways Your Company 401k Match May Vest

Vesting in its basic sense means the amount of money that you actually have in your 401k or the amount of money that is yours. When you work for a company you become vested in their matching contributions after a certain number of years and it is up to your 401k plan rules to determine this.

Example: Company 401k Match Called a Gradual 5 year Vesting Schedule:

  • 1 year – 20%
  • 2 years – 40%
  • 3 years – 60%
  • 4 years – 80%
  • 5 years – 100%

What this means is that if you leave the company after 2 years of service you get to keep 40% of the money they put in for you and 100% of the money you put in for you. Remember, you are ALWAYS 100% vested in the money you put into the plan and nobody can take that money from you but you. But, the company is able to set rules on their contributions and if you leave before the set period of time that extra money goes back into the company’s pocket. This is a great way for the company to hold on to its employees for the long haul. Most companies do not have a vesting schedule over 6 years.

So What if I Cannot Afford to Contribute to My 401k?

The answer to this is simple, if your company matches your contributions you can NEVER afford to not contribute money to your 401k plan. This is free money and even if you are only 20% vested this is money that the company is giving you just because you are funding for your future. Also, if things get into a real bind most plans allow for you to take a 401k loan from your plan, meaning you can borrow from your vested balance, which usually is 50% of that amount and usually at a very low interest rate with all of the interest being paid back to you.

So, in short, not making enough money is never an excuse to not put money into your 401k.

If you have had multiple jobs, the 401k plan is easily seen as the easiest way to save money. Have you ever tried to save money in a bank savings account only to see the balance dwindle to nothing in a year? Well, that is the problem with money that is easily attainable, because you WILL spend it on things you do not need now and this will hurt you very much in the long run. For this exact reason the government has enacted IRS tax laws on 401k plans and IRA accounts to make it not worth your while to take money from them and in many cases if you are working for the company you cannot take money from the plan, you must either take a loan or file for a hardship.

Example of The Impact of a Company 401k Match

You might not be exceeding the 401k contribution limits 2017, so in this example we’ll use reasonable numbers to show the impact of your 401k contributions can make on your portfolio. Here is the final example of the person contributing $40,000 at 6% of his pay with the company matching 6%. Also, we are considering he is 25 years old and is aggressive currently, meaning on average he should earn 9% on his money over the next 30 years until he retires at age 55 (the minimum age to take money from a 401k plan without a penalty and not considering a 72T).

His final amount at age 55 – $732,312.12.

This figure is from him putting in $92 of his own money, before taxes, each pay period for 30 years. His company is also matching him dollar for dollar on each contribution since it falls within their matching contribution limits. If that doesn’t make you want to rethink that new pair of tennis shoes I don’t know what will.

Now you can see the impact of a company 401k match and huge amounts of money that you could be missing out on. If you can reach the 401k contribution limits 2017 go for it! Albert Einstein stated that compound interest is the most power force in the universe. Take advantage of your company 401k match and get contributing!

Should I invest in my Company Sponsored 401K Retirement Plan?

Should I invest in my Company Sponsored 401K Retirement Plan?

Should I invest in my company’s 401k plan? The answer is YES!!! Take advantage of your company sponsored 401k retirement plan.

Government programs for retirement income, like social security, are becoming very unpromising. And retirement healthcare has been so up in the air lately in the political world. So many changes…who can keep track?! And Company paid Pension Plans are almost extinct now, too!

Well one thing that I do know is that no one is guaranteed to pay for your future…except for you!

 

Reasons why to invest in your company sponsored 401k retirement plan

  • Most plans have a match % (which means they give you the matched amount for FREE! If you don’t invest at least the matched amount, you are missing out on free money!
  • The money is invested pre-tax, out of your paycheck before the taxes are taken out.
  • Yes, the plan is often based on funds that are based on the stock market (so there is some risk involved), but that means the potential for growth is big! Remember, the bigger the risk, the bigger the potential returns.
  • You do usually have the power to choose your risk and diversify! Many companies offer “safer” choices for employees nearing retirement (usually funds recommend to have more aggressive investment strategies when you are younger, and safer ones as you get older.
  • The fund always has an investment manager or help person that you can ask questions to! They can help you pick what is best for you, your family and your future!
  • You can use our free 401k calculator to find out how much money you should be saving, based on your age and expenses.

Have you been putting any money into your 401k, yet? Do you wish you would have started sooner?